Last edited by Nagrel
Wednesday, May 20, 2020 | History

1 edition of Cosmic radiation and high energy interactions found in the catalog.

Cosmic radiation and high energy interactions

V. D. Hopper

# Cosmic radiation and high energy interactions

## by V. D. Hopper

Written in English

Subjects:
• Nuclear reactions,
• Cosmic rays

• Edition Notes

Bibliography: p. 220-226.

The Physical Object ID Numbers Statement V.D. Hopper. -- Series Scientific monographs on physics Pagination x, 234 p. : Number of Pages 234 Open Library OL26561487M

Cosmic Rays in the Earth s Atmosphere and Underground Book Summary: The present monograph as well as the next one (Dorman, M) is a result of more than 50 years working in cosmic ray (CR) research. After graduation in December Moscow Lomonosov State University (Nuclear and Elementary Particle Physics Division, the Team of Theoretical . This book has been cited by the following publications. Coverage is expanded to include new content on high energy physics, the propagation of protons and nuclei in cosmic background radiation, neutrino astronomy, high-energy and ultra-high-energy cosmic rays, sources and acceleration mechanisms, and atmospheric muons and neutrinos. Cited by:

Cosmic rays (also called cosmic radiation) mainly comprise high energy nucleons (protons, neutrons and atomic nuclei). About 90% are hydrogen nuclei (a single proton with an atomic number of 1). They have been stripped of their electrons and so are ionised. Cosmic rays pass through our galaxy at close to the speed of light. This book, like its first edition, addresses the fundamental principles of interaction between radiation and matter and the principle of particle detectors in a wide scope of fields, from low to high energy, including space physics and the medical environment. It provides abundant information about the processes of electromagnetic and hadronic energy deposition in matter, .

Summary. A critical analysis of various secondary cosmic-ray phenomena has been performed. The difficulties in describing the longitudinal development by a unique assumption about the model of high-energy interactions and primary mass composition are pointed by: 2. Natural Sources of Radiation. We are continuously exposed to measurable background radiation from a variety of natural sources, which, on average, is equal to about – mrem/yr (Figure $$\PageIndex{3}$$).One component of background radiation is cosmic rays, high-energy particles and $$\gamma$$ rays emitted by the sun and other stars, which bombard Earth continuously.

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Additional Physical Format: Online version: Hopper, V.D. (Victor David), Cosmic radiation and high energy interactions. London, Logos Press; Englewood Cliffs, N. Michael Bagshaw, Petra Illig, in Travel Medicine (Fourth Edition), Cosmic Radiation.

Cosmic radiation is an ionizing radiation produced when primary photons and α particles from outside the solar system interact with components of the earth's atmosphere. A second source of cosmic radiation is the release of charged particles from the sun, which become significant. Cosmic radiation and high energy interactions.

[Victor David Hopper] Home. WorldCat Home About WorldCat Help. Search. Search for Library Items Search for Lists Search for Contacts Search for a Library.

Create Book\/a>, schema:CreativeWork\/a> ; \u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\n library. Cosmic rays are high-energy protons and atomic nuclei which move through space at nearly the speed of originate from the sun, from outside of the solar system, and from distant galaxies.

Upon impact with the Earth's atmosphere, cosmic rays can produce showers of secondary particles that sometimes reach the from the Fermi Space Telescope. studies of high energy interactions are valuable. (I) Cosmic rays can be useto exlore the fundamental nature of particle interactions at energies greater than those available with colliders, currently about eV.

Here cosmic rays may indeed only be able to study gross features of the interactions such as total crossFile Size: KB. Cloud Chamber Photographs of the Cosmic Radiation focuses on cloud chamber and photographic emulsion wherein the tracks of individual subatomic particles of high energy are studied.

The publication first offers information on the technical features of operation and electrons and cascade showers. The papers deal with studies of strong interactions, performed at a high-altitude station specially equipped for investigating extensive air showers.

Experiments carried out at energies ranging from 1 to TeV provided a means of assessing the feasibility of extrapolating the basic properties of multiple generation processes from the energies attainable by modern. The book presents a historical review of cosmic ray physics from the time of the discovery of cosmic rays up to the early s, when accelerator experiments began to replace cosmic ray observations in the study of nuclear interactions at all but the highest energies.

The discovery of radiation which constantly acts to produce atmospheric ionization and the demonstration of the. The recent observational results and exciting theoretical predictions provide a strong rationale for a deep study of cosmic radiation with forthcoming satellite-borne and ground-based detectors in the so-called very high energy domain of the electromagnetic spectrum above invaluable book presents the motivations and highlights the Cited by: The papers deal with studies of strong interactions, performed at a high-altitude station specially equipped for investigating extensive air showers.

Experiments carried out at energies ranging from 1 to TeV provided a means of assessing the feasibility of extrapolating the basic properties of multiple generation processes from the. In astroparticle physics, an ultra-high-energy cosmic ray (UHECR) is a cosmic ray with an energy greater than 1 EeV (10 18 electronvolts, approximately joules), far beyond both the rest mass and energies typical of other cosmic ray particles.

An extreme-energy cosmic ray (EECR) is an UHECR with energy exceeding 5 × 10 19 eV (about 8 joule), the so-called. Life on earth is shielded from cosmic radiation by the atmosphere. The mass thickness of the air above a given altitude is called atmospheric depth, and is proportional to the air pressure at that point.

This decreases approximately exponentially as altitude increases (9). The charged cosmic radiation particles lose energy as they penetrate theFile Size: KB. The highest- energy particles in nature--the ultra-high-energy cosmic rays--cannot be confined by the Milky Way's magnetic field, and must originate from sources outside our Galaxy.

Understanding these energetic radiations requires an extensive theoretical framework involving the radiation physics and strong-field gravity of black holes.5/5(1). The highest- energy particles in nature--the ultra-high-energy cosmic rays--cannot be confined by the Milky Way's magnetic field, and must originate from sources outside our Galaxy.

In High Energy Radiation from Black Holes, photohadronic interactions of cosmic rays with photons, gamma-ray attenuation, Fermi acceleration, and the. Cosmic Rays, High Energy Interactions, Nuclear Astrophysics, Nuclear Fusion, Particle Energy, Energy Distribution, Energy Spectra, Solar System Bibliographic Code: Unfortunately a muon created as a result of Cosmic Rays is not easily seen, but their after-effects when passing through is a little more easier, typically most forms of radiation detectors will do the job.

The oldest and most famous example of this is the Cloud is an operational cloud chamber installed and running at the South Australian Museum and is well worth a look.

The book is divided into two parts, the first describing the standard model of cosmic rays and contemporary challenges, and the second part dealing with very high energy cosmic rays that cannot be detected directly in satellite and balloon experiments, and Brand: Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

Ultra-High Energy Cosmic Rays (E ≥ 5 ×eV) are detected through Extensive Air Showers that are created when a primary cosmic ray particle interacts with the atmosphere of the Earth.

The cosmic ray detector known as CREAM is headed for the International Space Station, with a goal of measuring the highest energy possible for direct measurement of high-energy cosmic rays. The highest- energy particles in nature — the ultra-high-energy cosmic rays — cannot be confined by the Milky Way’s magnetic field, and must originate from sources outside our Galaxy.

Understanding these energetic radiations requires an extensive theoretical framework involving the radiation physics and strong-field gravity of black holes.

High-energy radiation or particles from extraterrestrial space that strike the earth, its atmosphere, or spacecraft and may create secondary radiation as a. Also, an essential part of the book is devoted to the discussion of the principal mechanisms of production and absorption of energetic γ-rays in different astrophysical environments, as well as to the description of the detection methods of high energy cosmic γ .Cosmic rays that reach the Earth’s atmosphere produce a variety of secondary particles from interactions with nitrogen, oxygen, and argon atoms.

(NCRP ; UNSCEAR; UNSCEAR ). The fluence of neutrons produced extends to very high energies (more than several gigaelectonvolts (Goldhagen and.